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how is coal formed in the ground

How is coal formed? Yahoo Answers

Feb 10, 2008 · Answers. Best Answer Coal is formed in several steps. First dead organic matter falls to the ground and is covered with sediment ( a low oxygen environment). Then peat is formed. This can be burned but produces very little heat and a lot of smoke. During the potato famine in Ireland, peat blocks from the peat bogs were the main source

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Coal in ia

The coal beds in the Triassic Basin near Richmond formed in similar swamps, but only 205 to 245 million years ago. That Richmond basin was formed as Pangea was splitting up and the Atlantic Ocean developed, after the Alleghanian orogeny.

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How Did Oil and Gas Get Created?

How Did Oil and Gas Get Created? Michigan Environmental Education Curriculum Oil, Gas, and Coal in Our Lifetime. Oil and gas started out as tiny organisms in ancient, shallow seas. Over millions of years, the remains of these organisms piled up. an oil (petroleum) deposit was formed. Most of the oil and gas we extract come from such

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Coal Energy Education

Coal is a rock formed from the decomposition of plant life. It is primarily composed of carbon, with many other trace elements. Coal's high energy density and extensive reserves found in nature make it useful as a fuel for electricity generation in coal-fired power plants, and in some places, heating .

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Adventures in Energy

As these microscopic plants and animals lived, they absorbed energy from the sun, which was stored as carbon molecules in their bodies. When they died, they sank to the bottom of the sea. Over millions of years, layer after layer of sediment and other plants and bacteria were formed.

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Where is coal found? World Coal Association

What tends to vary much more than the assessed level of the resource i.e. the potentially accessible coal in the ground is the level classified as proved recoverable reserves. Resource The amount of coal that may be present in a deposit or coalfield.

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Forms & Online Filing Mine Safety and Health

Representative of Miners Designation Form This voluntary form is a written declaration of any person or organization which represents two or more miners at a coal or other mine for the purposes of the Mine Act. 2000-224 Operator's Annual Certification of Mine Rescue Teams Qualifications

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Effects of Coal-Ash Leachate on Ground Water Quality

TVA EPA Tennessee Valley Authority Energy Demonstrations and Cuchnology Chattanooga, TN 37401 EDT-111 United States Environmental Protection Agency Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory Research Triangle Park NC 27711 EPA-600/7-80-066 March 1980 Effects of Coal-ash Leachate on Ground Water Quality Interagency Energy/Environment R&D Program Report

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Coal mining Britannica

Coal mining, extraction of coal deposits from the surface of Earth and from underground. Coal is the most abundant fossil fuel on Earth. Its predominant use has always been for producing heat energy. It was the basic energy source that fueled the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th

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Coal in the U.S. and Indiana Indiana Geological & Water

The Indiana Coal Industry. Bituminous coal has become one of Indiana's most valuable natural resources since its discovery along the banks of the Wabash River in 1736. Organized development of Indiana's coal resources began in the 1830s and by 1918, production exceeded 30 million short tons. Coal production declined following World War I,

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Ground Failures in Coal Mines with Weak Roof

Coal miners who work and travel under supported roof expect to be protected from rock falls. However, rock fall accidents and injuries continue to occur in coal mines that have been supported according to the roof control plan. Experience at coal mines with large numbers of

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How is coal formded? Kentucky Geological Survey

Coal is formed from the physical and chemical alteration of peat. Peat is composed of plant materials that accumulate in wetlands ( bogs and fens), which break down through the process of peatification. If peats are buried, then the peats can be altered into different ranks of coal through the process of coalification. Learn more

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Coal U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Average weekly coal commodity spot prices (dollars per short ton) Coal commodity regions Week ending; Central Appalachia 12,500 Btu, 1.2 SO 2 Northern Appalachia 13,000 Btu, 3.0 SO 2 Illinois Basin 11,800 Btu, 5.0 SO 2 Powder River Basin 8,800 Btu, 0.8 SO 2 Uinta Basin 11,700 Btu, 0.8 SO 2 Source With permission, Coal Markets

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Coal in a Nutshell

Coal comes in three main types or grades. First, the swampy peat is squeezed and heated to form a brown, soft coal called lignite. In the process, the material releases hydrocarbons, which migrate away and eventually become petroleum. With more heat and pressure lignite releases more hydrocarbons and becomes the higher-grade bituminous coal

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Coal National Energy Education Development Project

The coal we use today took millions of years to form. We can't make more in a short time. That is why it is called nonrenewable. There is a lot of coal in the United States. There is enough to last nearly 300 years. Digging for Coal Most coal is buried under the ground. We must dig it out—mine it. If the coal is deep in the ground, tunnels

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Learn About Wyoming Coal Mining.

Coal isn't technically a mineral, it's a black, burnable rock and is considered a fossil fuel. The coal deposits in the Powder River Basin are among the largest in the world. A pound of coal supplies enough electricity to light ten 100-watt light bulbs for one hour. By-The-Numbers; 40% Amount of America's coal that comes from Wyoming.

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Mercury from Coal Ground Truth Trekking

The mercury released by burning coal is converted into a far more toxic form when it enters the food chain. Mercury is released into the air from a coal-fired power plant, and falls to the ground with snow and rain. From there, it drains into watersheds, rivers, and lakes and settles into sediment.

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How Did Oil and Gas Get Created?

Oil, Gas, and Coal in Our Lifetime. Oil and gas started out as tiny organisms in ancient, shallow seas. Over millions of years, the remains of these organisms piled up. As layer upon layer of sediment accumulated and consolidated, the resulting pressure gradually created a type of sedimentary rock known as oil shales.

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Wyoming State Geological Survey

Coal mined from the Powder River Basin (PRB) is consistently the cheapest coal to extract from the ground. This is due to the fact that the coal occurs in thick (45+ foot) seams that are near the surface, which can be easily strip mined using large machinery. This combination of factors also makes PRB coal mines the most productive in the nation, with the highest volumes mined per employee per hour.

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Biological Coal Gasification netl.doe.gov

Biological Coal Gasification. It is common knowledge that coal is essentially transformed biomass, formed over long periods of time by geologic processes. Given this connection to biomass, the question arises whether biological/microbial processes such as fermentation might somehow be utilized to gasify coal or otherwise convert it

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Fossil Fuel Energy Oil Natural Gas Petroleum Coal

Some forms burn hotter and cleaner than others. Coal is used to create more than half of all the electricity made in the US. In the states, many of the coal beds are near the ground's surface. We get to the coal by mining for it. Most coal is transported by trains to power plants where it's burned to make steam.

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Clean Coal Explained What Is Clean Coal?

Aug 23, 2017 · "Clean coal" usually means capturing carbon emissions from burning coal and storing them under the earth. Carbon capture and storage works, but is expensive to build or to retrofit onto

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Coal A Complex Natural Resource USGS

The organic matter composing the peat may accumulate in place or, less commonly, may be carried by flowing water to accumulate elsewhere, but generally nearby. Most coal beds were formed from plant material that accumulated in place . Coal is a complex material formed by a

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Coal and coal mining Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand

What is coal? Coal is a rock that can burn, and it is made from carbon, water and minerals. It was formed millions of years ago when plants fell into peat swamps and were buried by heavy earth and rocks. Over a very long time, the weight of the rocks and heat in the ground turned the plants into coal. How old is it?

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Coal, Kentucky Geological Survey, University of Kentucky

Coal is a readily combustible rock containing more than 50 percent organic matter (carbon) by weight, and 70 percent carbonaceous material by volume including inherent moisture, which was formed from the compaction and alteration of plant remains.

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coal formed millions of years ago from the remains of what

Nov 15, 2006 · Coal can contain not just concentrated plant debris, but also sediments brought in by water, airborne ash falls, elements adsorbed to the carbon of the coal from groundwater, and minerals that form in fractures and spaces in the coal as groundwater flows through it during coalification.

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Claim for subsidence damage caused by coal mining GOV.UK

Claim for subsidence damage caused by coal mining. You may be able to claim for 'subsidence' (sinking) damage caused by coal mining, for example structural damage to your house, which can start with cracked plaster and sticking doors. ground collapse or other damage to your land.

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Coal mining Coal deposits Britannica

Coal mining Coal mining Coal deposits In geologic terms, coal is a sedimentary rock containing a mixture of constituents, mostly of vegetal origin. Vegetal matter is composed mainly of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and some inorganic mineral elements. When this material decays under water, in the absence of oxygen, the carbon content increases.

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The World's Oldest Underground Fire Has Been Burning

The World's Oldest Underground Fire Has Been Burning For 6,000 Years sulfur-tinged smoke is the only hint of a massive coal seam burning 70 feet under the ground. Heat and toxic gases from the

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How Fossil Fuels Are Formed Instructables

How Fossil Fuels Are Formed How coal is formed Coal is formed over millions and millions of years from the remains of swamp plants and animals. When the plants and animals die they sink to the swamp floor. The plant matter has to change into peat. Peat is mostly made out p

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